|Nancy Hazel Hutton|
Genes can be a contributing factor with members of some families living longer than others born at the same time.
|Rosemary Lord with her aunt, Eleonora Hutton (mid 1940s)|
In this case the longevity genes appear to have come from their father's line. Their father, George Hutton (1850-1936), was 86 when he died. Their grandfather, William Forbes Hutton (1816-1896) lived to be 80 while their great grandparents, Thomas Hutton (1772-1856) and Janet Robertson (1780-1862) lived to be 84 and 82 which would have been considered to be old age at that time in the UK. George Hutton came to Australia when 19 while William Forbes Hutton came to Australia after serving in the army in India.
Longevity can also be linked to a person's health and life style. With twelve convicts in the family I am interested in how the convict members of the family fared in their new environment.
One of my convict ancestors, Mary Hyde (1779-1864) lived to be 85 which in the mid 19th century would be considered a good age.
Below is a table of the longevity of my twelve convicts:
- Charles Daley (1775-1831) - 56 years
- George Guest (1765-1841) - 76 years
- Jane Williams (1775-1838) - 63 years
- John Pendergast (1769-1833) - 64 years
- Kezia Brown (1771-1854) - 83 years
- Mary Bateman (1773-1829) - 56 years
- Mary Hyde (1779 - 1864) - 85 years
- Richard Holland (1783-1867) - 84 years
- Simeon Lord (1771-1840) - 69 years
- Susannah Alderson (1780-1854) - 74 years
- Uriah Moses (1780-1847) - 67 years
- William Roberts (1756-1820) - 64 years
I do not have details of the parents for all of the convicts but Simeon Lord's father, also Simeon Lord (1744-1787), died when he was 43 while his wife, Ann Fielden (1745-1786) died at 41.We would consider this young but it was around the average age of adult deaths in the UK at that time.
However Kezia Brown's father, Aaron Brown (1749-1840) was an exception. He was 91 when he died while his wife, Mary Farley (1745-1804) died when she was 59.
William Robert's parents, John Roberts (1717-1792) who died at 75 and Jane Lugg (1727-1804) who died at 66, also lived longer lives than would be expected at that time in England.
Perhaps life was healthier in Worcestershire and Cornwall than in Yorkshire where Simeon's parents lived.
I suspect that when looking at the ages that my convicts died you could argue that they appear to have lived a healthier lifestyle and perhaps eventually had better food (though the first years in the colony would have been extremely difficult) than family who stayed behind in England. When time permits, I want to spend time investigating what happened to family members, including brothers and sisters, who remained in England and Scotland if information is available. It may then be possible to make a reliable comparison.
A project for later this year.